Glossary of Automotive Terms - B
Click on any letter to find automotive-related entries beginning with that letter.
Vertical metal roof support between front and rear side windows on the side of the vehicle.
- Balance Due
The amount currently due, minus previous payments, plus cash advances and purchases.
- Bank Rate
The amount the bank charges the consumer, expressed as a percentage.
- Base Price
The price of a vehicle without options but including standard equipment, factory warranty, and freight or destination charge. This price is printed on the Monroney sticker.
A coat of paint acting as the base for other layers to be applied.
- Basic Rate
The rate from which discounts or additions are calculated.
(Slang) A car for everyday transportation. Usually not in perfect condition.
A horizontal line, usually imaginary but sometimes indicated by a feature in the body design, just below the window openings on a car or truck body.
- Bench Seats
Full-length seat that can usually seat two or three people.
- Blanket Insurance
A property-liability insurance that covers more than one piece of property.
- Bodily Injury Liability
Any liability that may result from the injury or death of another person.
- Body Style
The type of exterior shell or shape to a vehicle (sedan, coupe, truck, etc.).
- Booster Seat
This child-safety seat is designed for children who are too large for a baby seat, but not big enough to sit safely in the vehicle's seats.
Diameter of an individual engine cylinder.
- Borg Warner Trophy
Victory in the Indianapolis 500 secures this, the most coveted trophy in Indy Car racing.
- Boxer Engine
The cylinders are opposite (180 degrees apart) from each other. Also called flat engines, these are relatively flat compared to In-line or V engines.
- Brake Booster
Device or system that helps reduce the force the driver must exert against the brake pedal. May be hydraulic or electric.
- Brake Caliper
A hydraulic (liquid-pressured) piston assembly that holds disc-brake pads.
- Brake Drum
The large circular surface that the brake shoe presses against to stop the vehicle.
- Brake Pad
Used in a disc system, it is a replaceable piece of backing plate and additional friction lining.
- Brake Pull
Occurs when the vehicle pulls suddenly to the left or right as the brake pedal is depressed. It indicates the brakes may be out of adjustment.
- Brake Rotor
Shiny metal disk that brake pads squeeze to stop the vehicle; hence the name disc brakes.
- Brake Shoe
A curved, replaceable piece of friction material used on drum brakes. The wheel cylinder pushes the brake shoes against the brake drum.
A person who represents the insured to solicit or negotiate for contracts. A broker may deal with many agents or companies on behalf of his or her client.
- Bucket Seats
Individual driver or passenger seats.
A type of warranty that covers the entire vehicle for a limited amount of time.
- Busch Series
Just one level below Winston Cup, some drivers race at both this and Winston Cup level. These races, often run the day before a Winston Cup race, have gained popularity and are now all televised live, nationally.