General Motors is the current leader in heavy-duty pickup trucks. GMC Sierra and Chevrolet Silverado heavy-duty trucks are more powerful and more comfortable than any heavy-duty trucks in history. They ride more smoothly and feel more refined than the current heavy-duty trucks from Ford and Dodge.
Completely re-engineered and redesigned for 2001, the GMC Sierra line is mechanically nearly identical to the Chevy Silverado line. However, there are some key differences. The Sierras are more stylish. Positioned as "professional grade" trucks, the GMCs offer more features, more technology, and more luxury then the Chevys.
These trucks can move mountains. GM says its 3500 series boasts the most power, the heftiest gross vehicle weight rating and the highest gross combined vehicle weight rating available.
Heavy-duty Sierra pickups are broadly divided into the 2500 HD series and the 3500 series.
To understand the lineup, it helps to speak the language: "Half-ton," "3/4-ton" and "one-ton" are outdated terms because modern trucks haul far more than 1,000-2,000 pounds. However, we still tend to use these terms. Sierra 1500 series are the so-called half-ton trucks. Just to make things as confusing as possible, GMC sells a light-duty 2500-series truck line, which we might refer to as a half-ton truck because it's based on the 1500 Series. (See separate newcartestdrive.com review of the Sierra 1500 and 2500 light-duty trucks.)
2500HD pickups are what we commonly call 3/4-ton trucks. All GMC 2500HD trucks come with single rear wheels. Their suspensions and chassis are a heavier duty design than the light-duty 2500 series models; the two can be distinguished by the 2500HD's raised hood.
3500-series trucks come with dual rear wheels; these so-called one-ton trucks are commonly referred to as "duallies."
Regular Cab, Extended Cab and Crew Cab bodies are available with 6.5-foot short beds or 8-foot long beds. Wheelbases run 133, 143.5, 153.0, 157.5, and 167 inches long on 2500 HD pickups; wheelbases are available in 133, 157.5, 161.5, and 167.5 inches on 3500 duallies.
Three trim levels are offered: SL, the well-equipped SLE, and the leather SLT.
Engine choices: 6.0-liter Vortec V8, 8.1-liter Vortec V8, and 6.6-liter Duramax Turbo Diesel.
Just as important are the transmission choices: five-speed manual or four-speed automatic for the Vortec 6.0-liter; six-speed manual or an exciting new Allison five-speed automatic for the Vortec 8100 or Duramax 6600. And, of course, two-wheel drive and four-wheel drive are available.
For 2002, GMC has added two new Sierra Professional models; they are designed as extended cab short box work trucks and are available in 2WD and 4WD.
GMC's Sierra is more stylish than Chevy's Silverado and we think it's more attractive. The Sierra HD shares key design features with the regular-duty models, but there are distinctions: Sierra HD looks taller, and it is, by two inches. It also looks wider, and it is with a wider track. Its broad-shouldered fender flares and muscular bumper give it an appearance GMC calls Professional Grade. For 2002, there's a bolder Sierra tailgate badge.
GMC's center port grille has a chromed appearance and directs large quantities of air under the hood. One-piece wraparound composite headlamps give the Sierra a handsome, aerodynamic appearance. Overall, the body work is smoother and more fluid than previously.
Coming soon is a redesigned 2003 Sierra with much bolder styling.
The front seats are comfortable and supportive. SLE is well-equipped with convenience features and nice cloth. SLT comes swathed in leather and feels luxurious, like an upscale Yukon XL.
The Crew Cab offers roomy rear seats, comfortable for two adults, capable of three. Folding down the rear seats reveals a large, flat cargo area. This area is a godsend, whether hauling a big dog or anything you don't want exposed to the elements or other people. The seats are split 60/40 for maximum utility.
The new 2002 Sierra Professional models feature a full-length, custom-designed console, extending from the instrument panel to the back of the front seats. The center console has a front compartment, providing concealed storage for a personal digital assistant, cell phone, and two auxiliary power points to charge them. It also provides a storage trail for smaller items, such as maps, gloves or CDs. It has an oversized Big Gulp cupholder and a second temperature controlled cupholder than can keep beverages hot or cold when the ignition is on. The center console accommodates a seven-quart capacity thermal electric cooler provided, which can keep drinks and food cold or warm. The cooler runs directly off the battery and provides power continuously even with the engine off. the center console can be easily converted to handle hanging file folders. Two power outlets ion the rear of the console are useful for charging battery packs for power tools. There's also a rear under-seat storage container the offers 2 cubic feet of space for storing tools like rotary hammers and saws. A smaller container holds fasteners and other smaller items. The console and under-seat storage can be locked.
We drove a Sierra 3500 Crew Cab duallie for two weeks and it was a marvel of power, comfort, and payload capability. It was smooth and comfortable for moving part of a house from Maryland to Virginia, and made short work of moving a garage full of stuff around Williamsburg. It was clearly underwhelmed by this light duty, but very comfortable when taking the mother in law to lunch.
Ride quality is excellent, the best among the duallies currently available from Ford and Dodge. Handling is surprisingly good for such a big truck. It covers real estate quickly, whether on the Interstate or on winding back roads. A hydroformed front frame gives it extraordinary rigidity, which allowed GM's engineers to tune the suspension more precisely for a better ride and handling. Front suspensions use torsion bars for durability.
Four-wheel disc brakes have reduced stopping distances and give the driver a solid pedal feel, a huge improvement over GM's previous-generation trucks. Bigger front rotors, larger brake pads, improved linings offer better stopping power and longer pad life. Dynamic rear proportioning shortens stopping distances by transferring front and rear brake bias to the tires with the best grip.
The base engine is the Vortec 6000, a 6.0-liter V8 (366 cubic inches) that generates 300 horsepower and 360 foot-pounds of torque at 4000 rpm. Introduced for 1999, it's designed for a 200,000-mile operating life with 10,000-mile oil change intervals. Its aluminum cylinder head is similar to that of the L56 Corvette. It comes with a choice of a heavy-duty five-speed manual and GM's 4L80-E four-speed electronically controlled automatic, which comes standard on Extended Cab and Crew Cab models. The four-speed automatic features a Tow/Haul mode.
The big Vortec 8100 V8 delivers 455 pounds-feet of peak torque at 3200 rpm. Torque is that force that propels the truck off the line and this 8.1-liter, 496 cubic-inch V8 has gobs of it. It generates 400 lbs.-ft. at just 1600 rpm. Don't expect neck-snapping acceleration, however. Quicker acceleration performance when towing is the objective. And it does this very well. Introduced last year, this 8.1-liter V8 replaces GM's 7.4-liter V8. It has advanced features such as an engine oil life monitor and a limp-home mode. This gas engine is an $850 option.
The new Duramax 6600 diesel is smooth, quiet, and powerful. It punches out an amazing 520 lbs.-ft. of torque at just 1800 rpm. GM's Duramax diesel engine is built in Moraine, Ohio, but was developed with Isuzu, one of the world's largest manufacturers of diesel engines. The new 6.6-liter Duramax offers improved fuel economy over the old 6.5-liter GM diesel it replaced. The Duramax was designed for a 200,000-mile operating life, according to GM engineers, and for easy serviceability. Half of heavy-duty truck pickups are sold with diesel engines. The diesel adds $4810.
The Duramax and Vortec 8100 offer a choice of a ZF six-speed manual or optional Allison 1000 five-speed automatic ($1200). Both have close-ratio gearing, which provides exceptional launch, hill climbing, and towing capability and economy. Their heavy-duty components are stronger than those typically found in one-ton truck transmissions, providing exceptional durability.
The ZF six-speed manual is easy to shift and is fully synchronized in all gears with dual-cone synchronizers in second and third. A convenient shift pattern allows the shift lever to be moved forward for reverse and straight back for first, making it easier to maneuver quickly in tight spaces. Second gear works well for taking off with a light load; first is a creeper gear.
As good as the six-speed manual is, the optional Allison five-speed automatic is one of the most impressive features of these trucks. We highly recommend it for its responsive performance. Available for the Vortec 8100 and Duramax engines, the Allison is designed to last 200,000 miles; GM engineers said it's "over-designed," meaning it's heavier duty than it needs to be. But it's also sophisticated and keeps in close contact with the driver and the engine with full electronic control. It adjusts shifting according to driving style. The Tow/Haul mode keeps the transmission in gear longer to reduce hunting and heat buildup. This transmission senses when the truck is going downhill, senses when the driver is applying the brakes and downshifts, reducing wear on the brakes. This grade braking feature works great; just touch the brake pedal as the truck is going down a grade. On a practical side, the Allison transmission is set up to make it easier to attach power take-off (PTO) accessories. It downshifts crisply as the truck comes a stop. The Duramax and Allison combination does not come cheap, however.
GM says its heavy-duty pickups offer the highest GVWR for hauling and the highest GCVW for towing in the business. Payloads range from 3321 pounds for a 2500HD Crew Cab 4WD to 5753 pounds for a 3500 Regular Cab 2WD. Two-wheel-drive models and smaller cabs offer higher payloads. The heavy-duty trailering option adds an adapter that permits four-way and seven-way trailer-harness connections.
Both the Vortec 8100 gas and Duramax 6600 diesel permit towing trailers up to 12,000 pounds. We pulled a 7000-pound trailer (a two-horse tandem-axle trailer full of bags of shot) in a 2500HD with the Duramax diesel and Allison transmission. Attached via a (Reese) Class III load-distributing hitch, it was a stable rig, easy to manage. With a fifth wheel setup, trailering capability increases to an astounding 15,800-pound maximum.
4WD trucks get a shift on the fly transfer case. Using the floor-mounted shifter, it shifted immediately into 4WD at 40 mph.
"Heavy duty" is a good descriptor for the 2500HD and 3500 trucks as all of their hardware is beefier than what is found on the 1500 and 2500 light-duty pickups. Front tow hooks are standard.
The GMC Sierra is the ultimate in heavy-duty pickups. The new Sierra Professional models are highly functional, a good place from which to live and work. SLE models are very comfortable and SLT trim is very luxurious.
Crew Cab Sierras are the ultimate pickups in our minds. Order a 3500 SLT and you can move mountains from the comfort of your luxurious leather-lined cabin.
|Model Line Overview|
|Model lineup:||2500HD: Reg Cab 2WD LWB ($22,607), 4WD ($25,414); Ext Cab 2WD ($27,002); Crew Cab 2WD SWB ($27,802), Crew Cab 4WD LWB ($31,127), SLE ($34,117)|
|Engines:||6.0-liter Vortec V8; 8.1-liter Vortec V8; 6.6-liter Duramax Turbo Diesel|
|Transmissions:||5-speed manual, 4-speed automatic; 6-speed manual, 5-speed Allison automatic|
|Safety equipment (standard):||ABS with dynamic rear proportioning, four-wheel disc brakes with thick rotors and large pads, dual front airbags, adjustable rear seat headrests|
|Safety equipment (optional):||N/A|
|Basic warranty:||3 years/36,000 miles|
|Specifications As Tested|
|Model tested (MSRP):||Sierra 3500 Crew Cab 4WD SLE ($35,114)|
|Standard equipment:||AM/FM/CD with six speakers, 16-inch chrome wheels; SLE adds chrome bumpers, power door locks, cruise control, deep tinted windows, foldaway power chrome exterior mirrors, remote keyless entry, power child safety locks, leather-wrapped steering wheel, power windows with driver's-side express down|
|Options as tested (MSRP):||SLT décor ($1760) includes leather-trim, six-way power driver and passenger seats, air conditioning, fog lamps, full-feature overhead console, OnStar communications system; Vortec 8100 ($850); Allison 5-speed automatic ($1200)|
|Gas guzzler tax:||N/A|
|Price as tested (MSRP):||$39,644|
|Engine:||8.1-liter ohv V8|
|Horsepower (hp @ rpm):||340 @ 4200|
|Torque (lb.-ft. @ rpm):||455 @ 3200|
|Transmission:||Allison five-speed automatic|
|EPA fuel economy, city/hwy:||N/A|
|Track, f/r:||68.6/74.7 in.|
|Head/hip/leg room, f:||41.0/61.4/41.3 in.|
|Head/hip/leg room, m:||N/A|
|Head/hip/leg room, r:||39.0/62.9/39.1 in.|
|Towing capacity:||12000 Lbs.|
|Suspension, r:||live axle|
|Ground clearance:||7.6 in.|
|Curb weight:||6391 lbs.|
|Brakes, f/r:||disc/disc with ABS|
|Fuel capacity:||34.0 gal.|
Unless otherwise indicated, specifications refer to test vehicle.
All prices are manufacturer's suggested retail prices (MSRP) effective as of December 21, 2001.
Prices do not include manufacturer's destination and delivery charges.
N/A: Information not available or not applicable.
Manufacturer Info Sources: 1-800-462-8782 - www.gmc.com