Often referred to as the urban assault vehicle, the Hummer was a brand of trucks and SUVs produced by AM General, as a civilian version of the military Humvee. In 1998, General Motors purchased the brand name. GM marketed three models: the original Hummer H1, based on the military Humvee, and the H2 and H3 models, that were based on smaller, civilian-market GM platforms.
By 2008, Hummer's viability in the economic downturn was being questioned, and it was offered for sale, with a Chinese company stepping up with an offer. However, by April 2010, any sale became unlikely, as inventory was depleted and Hummer dealerships began shutting down. The last Hummer H3 rolled off the line at on May 24, 2010.